ZHIDACHOV (Pol. Żydaczów) city in Drogobych district, Ukraine (formerly in eastern Galicia). Jewish settlement in Zhidachov began in a comparatively early period, as the existence of an ancient cemetery and wooden synagogue indicates, although no definite date is known. Records show 199 Jews living in Zhidachov in 1765, some 900 in 1910 (about a quarter of the total population), and 823 in 1931. Zhidachov was known for its dynasty of ḥasidic rabbis (admorim), descendants of Ẓevi Hirsch Eichenstein of Zhidachov. -Holocaust Period At the outbreak of World War II there were about 1,000 Jews in Zhidachov, On Sept. 5, 1942, some of the Jews were deported to the belzec death camp. On Sept. 30, 1942, a number of them were expelled to Stry and shared the fate of that community. The remaining Jews were imprisoned in a forced-labor camp in Zhidachov until its liquidation in August 1943. After the war, the Jewish community of Zhidachov was not reconstituted.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ZHIDACHOV — ZHIDACHOV, ḥasidic dynasty. The dynasty s founder and most outstanding personality, ẒEVI HIRSCH EICHENSTEIN (1785–1831), was born in the village of Safrin, Hungary. In his youth he was known as a brilliant Torah scholar, and while still a young… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Отель Галпин — (Zhidachov,Украина) Категория отеля: Адрес: Улица фабричная 7, Zhidachov, 81700, Украи …   Каталог отелей

  • SAFRIN, ISAAC JUDAH JEHIEL — (1806–1874), ḥasidic leader. Safrin was the son of Alexander Sender (d. 1818), author of Zikhron Devarim (1871), who served as rabbi in Zhidachov, Zhuravno, and Komarno, and founded the Komarno branch of the zhidachov dynasty. Isaac Safrin made… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SPINKA, JOSEPH MEIR WEISS OF — (1838–1909), ẓaddik, founder of a ḥasidic dynasty. The son of Samuel Ẓevi of Mukachevo (Munkacs), Joseph Meir was the disciple of Shalom of belz , Mendel of vizhnitsa , Isaac Eizik of zhidachov , and of Zanz. On many occasions he visited Isaac of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DYNOW, ẒEVI ELIMELECH — (1785–1841), ḥasidic ẓaddik in Dynow, Galicia, often known after his main work as the author of Benei Yissakhar (Zolkiew, 1850). He was a disciple of Ẓevi Hirsch of zhidachov , jacob isaac ha Ḥozeh ( the seer ) of Lublin, and the Maggid israel of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HALBERSTAM — HALBERSTAM, ḥasidic dynasty, originating in western Galicia in the mid 19th century. The most important personality in the dynasty was its founder, ḤAYYIM BEN LEIBUSH (1793–1876). Born in Tarnogrod, on his mother s side Ḥayyim was a descendant of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HOROWITZ, PINCHAS DAVID HA-LEVI — (1876–1941), U.S. rabbi and founder of Bostoner Ḥasidism. Born in Jerusalem, he was the son of R. Samuel Shmelke Horowitz (c. 1862–1898), a founder of Ḥasidism in Jerusalem and fifth generation descendant of R. Samuel Shmelke of Nikolsburg. After …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KAHANA, NAḤMAN — (1861–1904), Hungarian rabbi. Kahana, the son in law of joseph meir weiss , was rabbi of Szaploncza. He became particularly well known because of his Orhot Ḥayyim (2 pts., 1898; 19622), on the Shulḥan Arukh Oraḥ Ḥayyim, which for a long time was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”